HANDS Poverty Alleviation Program (PAP) was initiated to integrate community development approach, supporting and strengthening of income generation, livelihood & skills development opportunities for women & men of under privileged communities.
HANDS Poverty Alleviation Program (PAP) contributed in MDG1 that is "eradicate extreme poverty and hunger". The PAP is striving to reduce by half the proportion of people living on less than a dollar a day, to achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people.
STRATEGY I: Project Designing and Implementation
PAP has designed and executed following projects in the reporting year to achieve focused MDG
STRATEGY II: Research
Key findings of MISALI Project
To assess the socio-economic status of the households, the respondents were asked about the number of residents/household, number of rooms/household and type of the latrine used by the residents. Average number of residents/household was 7.0 + 3.9. The number of residents in each household varied from 1-31. Moreover, each household head was asked about the number of residents aged <18 and > 65 years to assess the proportion of dependency. Nearly 33% of the household had 3-6 persons in that age group.
To assess the literacy status of the household members, questions were asked about the educational attainment of head of the household and about the number of children aged 5-16 years going to school. As describe in Figure 1.4.1, almost half of the head of the households had
never attended school ever. A little over one quarter reported to complete class 1-5.
Respondents were asked for the availability of household items, which indirectly reflect the socio-economic status of the individual households. The items assessed for the purpose were electronic items (refrigerator, washing machine, deep freezer, Television, air conditioner, air cooler, geyser, heater, cooking range, microwave oven), availability of engine vehicle for transportation, availability of any animals and owing of any land.
Nearly 40% of the respondents reported to own a land. Almost 75% owned a motor cycle or a scooter. Almost half of the respondent had at least a live stock.
Key findings of baseline survey of Rais Noor Muhammad MISALI Village Karachi
Out of 356 male members, 196 were more than 12 years of age. The most common occupation taken up by these males was picking from garbage (44 percent). Out of 160 5-12 years of aged, about two fifth belonged of the working group of males. Similarly, females were also more frequently involved in the same profession of picking items from garbage. Out 160 girls of 5-12years of age, nearly half (46 percent) were in the working group. On the other hand, considerably higher proportion of females were also involved in household work, probably they were working as cleaners or maids in some households of upper socio-economic class.
Average number of residents/household was 5.08. Moreover, each household head was asked about the number of residents aged <18 and > 65 years to assess the proportion of dependency. 46% household had 3 or more persons in that age group. The type of latrine used, 38% respondents reported that they had no latrine while 62% houses had Pit Latrine.
STRATEGY III: Capacity Building
PAP provides opportunity to HANDS staff to build their capacity. In this regard total 13 trainings were conducted in which 39 staff members were trained. 23 of these were conducted internally and 16 organized by other public and private institutions. In this year total 4 exposure visits were organized for the staff of different institutions and 13 staffs were exposed to various skills and knowledge.
Hunermand Trainings Centre offered 3 month diploma courses on following trades.
- Domestic electrician
- Cutting & Stitching
- Mobile phone repairing
- Motor winding
- UPS maintenance over lock
- Flat Lock
- Single Stitch
- Pattern making & Cutting
- TV Repair & Maintenance
The overall aim of this intervention is to improve socio-economic condition of under privilege communities specially mothers /caretakers with the provision of income generating opportunities through skill enhancement trainings and establishment of enterprises. HANDS encourage local indigenous home based skills of handicrafts promotion through Selection of potential for skill training later called as Sughars , identification of local indigenous trade, analysis of market need ,identify the market demand , develop samples , get the order from market convey to the Sughar later production starts packing takes place, later product sale to market and profit shared with Sughar.
Strategy IV: Income Generation
HANDS in collaboration with Khushhali Bank Ltd is implementing the SMF Project in 7 districts of Sindh, including Hyderabad,Matiria, Thatta, Badin, Tando Muhammad Khan, Tando Allah Yar and Khairpur
Total 30091 members were generated for micro-credit disbursement in the reporting period.
The approach of SMF is to mobilize the poor to form community groups, enhance capacity of the credit group members for community mobilization, social awareness, selection and management of income generating activities, develop skills and provide basic community skills to credit group leaders. The approach is to facilitate the group to receive loan products like Agriculture Development, Livestock Development and working capital. HANDS have facilitated Khushhali Bank Ltd and community groups to disburser Rs. 271046850 since 2003.
The Community Physical Infrastructure (CPI) component provided grants to the community on cost sharing basis for small-scale infrastructure projects through Partner Organizations who meet the eligible criteria. Partner Organization assist, communities in organizing, preparing, and implementing and managing these projects. The average size of a community physical infrastructure project is approximately Rs. 100,000-500,0000. The target population of the CPI component is poor and disadvantaged rural and urban communities especially women, under-served districts and communities that lack essential infrastructure and have high unemployment.
HANDS CPI project is implementing in 57 villages of Sindh, we are identifying the need of the community through CPI project, give them better option for better livelihood. Provision of CPI schemes is actually the provision of access of community to their basics facilities, like street pavement, water and sanitation schemes, energy efficient stoves, Bio sand filters, hand pumps, protection walls, forms, solars and jetty. HANDS has completed following CPIs during reporting period
Noor Muhammad Village - A Model Village:
Rais Noor Muhammad village is a story from rag to rich. The village once barren of all basic facilities of life is now fast growing into model village with the joint intervention of HANDS, PPAF and Shell Pakistan.
Rais Noor Muhammad village is a squatter settlement situated near Hub River road in Deh Gonopas of Union Council Gabopat in Kemari Town of Karachi. It has 134 households and an estimated population of 1000 consists of several casts. The village lack basic need of life like water and sanitation, education and health facilities. They earn their bread and butter from sorting garbage (metal / glass) which comes from Karachi and dump near the village. The inhabitants were not registered citizen of this homeland, as they didn't have CNIC. The major issue of the dwellers is poverty and property right of land.
The houses are built of bamboos and old cloth; mostly sorted from garbage dump, without any proper wall or roof and does not protect them from sun rays and the rain. Houses have no proper kitchen and latrine.
The literacy level of the village is extremely low. The study shows only 5.1% (N=7) households had primary education. None of the children in Noor Muhammad Village was going to School. None of the female is educated. The nearest Health and education facility close to the village is at Lasbela, Baluchistan approximately 5 km from the village. The lack of transportation makes the facilities difficult to reach. The lack of safe drinking water is another major reason for health problems in the village. The villagers used to drink from open tanks in each para; constructed by villagers by themselves. The village doesn't have any sewerage system and electricity.
Scenario after interventions
HANDS through Social Mobilization organized this community and formed Community Based Organizations named Anjuman Kalmati Hote Baloch (men organization) and Sartiyoon (women organization). HANDS legalized village through leasing by Revenue department, Govt. of Sindh. 500 villagers have received their CNIC through NADRA mobile team.
Base line survey of Noor Muhammad village conducted covered 100% households. Health services started at dispensary Noor Muhammad village from 1st Feb.2010, where trained LHV and dispenser are present to provide quality health services. Trained TBAs are also present to provide obstetric care. Branded medicines are provided at 50% cost. Growth monitoring (height and weight) is done by the team. EPI and TT vaccination started through Govt. dispenser two rounds of crash vaccination programs have conducted in village. Patients' referral strategy has been ready. Liaisons developed for 24 hours service with nearest Hospitals, Regular Health awareness session are conducting at village.
Community donated plot for temporary school building. Two teachers have been recruited and trained in Early Childhood Development (ECD) and Early Childhood Education (ECE). Teachers conducted survey for enrolment and 81 students enrolled in school. Students' annual examination has been conducted by the Education department. The syllabus of new academic year has planned to implement.
Bio sand filters and energy efficient stoves provided to the community and selected members of the CBOs trained for utilizing these items. The trained members ill replicate this training in their village.
Following Community Physical Infrastructure (CPI) schemes provided at village and HANDS also initiated housing schemes and constructed 3 houses including water and sanitation unit.
- Drain (covered and open)
- Street pavement
- Water tanks
- Protection walls
- Housing schemes
- Communal Wash room
- Protection wall
- Bio sand filters
- Kitchen gardening
- Community center
- 74% sanitation open drain has been completed
- 80% covered drain has been completed
- 60 % street pavement achieved
- 3 houses, communal kitchen , washroom , water
- tank construction has completed.