Gender And Development (GAD) Program of HANDS developed different strategies to contribute and achieve Millennium Development Goals MDG1 to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger, MDG3 to promote gender equality and empower women, & MDG7 to ensure environmental sustainability.
HANDS GAD is a cross cutting program of the organization. It implements gender policies and monitors it in all the projects and the programs of the organization operational in 17 districts of Sindh. HANDS GAD program has benefitted 92401 members of 7731 community organizations, 260 village based women entrepreneurs (Sughars), 447 HANDS Technical Training Center (HTTC) trainees, 4574 school management committees members, 350 MARVI workers, 172 LHWs and 350 TBAs.
HANDS Gender and Development Program designed and executed different strategies in following projects.
Strategy I: Capacity Building
Strategy II: Research
Following researches conducted on gender perspective.
Key Findings of baseline survey of Marginalized Areas RH and FP Viable Initiatives (MARVI) project.
78% of the women have been married before 20 years of age, early marriage trend is still prevalent. Nearly 90% of the women in age groups of more than 40 had 5 or more children. 52% of the husbands are literate as compared to 14% of women.
HANDS School Health Screening Survey
The survey found a number of boys stunted among the screened children, 1293 out of total 7089 boys in the sample. Similarly 2223 girls were stunted among the total 14158 girls screened for abnormalities.
Findings Post project evaluation report of Pakistan Initiative for Neonate and Mother (PAIMAN)
The study revealed that 13% of the respondents that is women of reproductive age (15-45) were literate, 13% attended school and only 1% women were matric or above. The husbands’ literacy level (44%) was better, only 15% husbands had passed matric. That many of the women 63% are involved in income generation and almost all of them contributed their income in daily household expenses. Nearly 23% are involved in agriculture related labour and 20% in stitching or embroidery work.
Violence against women
HANDS also facilitated Aga Khan University in conduction of community based study on women violence
Strategy III: Training
GAD program provides the opportunity to staff as well to build their capacity. In this connection 31 trainings were conducted for HANDS staff in which 218 staff members have been trained. In this year total 3 exposure visit were organized for staff of different institutions, 37 staff have been exposed.
GAD program has strengthened 7731 community organizations and groups in previous year and built the capacity of 92401 members of communities.
The graph shows HANDS working with community organizations /groups. There were total 7731 community organizations established and strengthened during reporting period.
Strategy IV: Services
Community organizations are integral part of HANDS in all community based interventions. HANDS social mobilization strategy starts from the mobilization of smallest group formation on each 5 to 8 households get trained by HANDS GAD Program in different topics of social mobilization and organization management. Later they form a network at each union council level where chairperson of each VDO represents his /her village.Following are the different models of mobilization events the GAD program use for community mobilization.
1. Service Introduction (Taarufi Program)
2. Formation & Strengthening of Community Organizations (Tanzeem ki Tarbiat - Rehnuma)
3. Awareness Raising Session (Shaoori Nashast) With Men & Women
4. Interactive Theatre (Bedari Natak)
5. Women Support Group (Madadgar Sahelyan)
6. Life Skill Base Education (Nojawano me zindagi ki maharaten)
7. Special Event (Khasoosi Sargarmi)
Strategy V: Women Empowerment
HANDS Gender and Development Program serves to promote all above rights of women and all project’s interventions are women focused and provide equal opportunities to women in every sector of development. Following are the contribution of GAD program to promote socioeconomic status of rural women. HANDS has established 2280 women community organizations, in which 28850 women are members. 2792 community women got loan for small enterprises, livestock and agriculture. 400 Marvi workers received loan to continue family planning services. 334 community women received training in embroidery and stitching. 659 community women got jobs at their door step through HANDS as HANDS community based staff. 1065 teachers trained in record keeping, quality assessment & class room management 3063 women members of COs trained through HANDS capacity building training module. 9120 training sessions conducted in different districts of Sindh with women organizations/groups in which 63840 women trained. International Women day celebrated with the support of Karachi based NGOs. International Women day was celebrated at district office Hyderabad.
Strategy VI: Publications
HANDS GAD program developed following publications in collaboration with Information & Communication Resource and Human Resource and Institutional Development Program. Training manual for Capacity building of COs,Training manual for PDCs & VDOs Of MARVI Project, Leadership Manual for trainers, Technical Training Manual, Family booklet for mother and child health.
Women Organization makes the difference
HANDS, an NGO, has been operating a PHC centre in village Ibrahim Hyderi at Karachi Rural where Ms. Shamima used to work as a volunteer. During this period she got inspired to do for her homeland. She applied for LHW training and remained connected with HANDS.
In 2006 HANDS again started working on two projects at Ibrahim hydri and Rehri. HANDS PPAF CPI Project The community Physical Infrastructure (CPI) project aimed at providing financial assistance to the poor communities for small-scale infrastructure projects which enhance their productive capacity, increase income and reduce work load on women. The Community Physical Infrastructure (CPI) component provided small-scale infrastructure projects on cost sharing basis through Partner Organizations which meet the eligible criteria of the PPAF. HID is another project implemented by HANDS the prime objective of which is to enhance the capabilities, group of people potential of the disadvantaged communities of the area and provide opportunities to them for self reliance. When HANDS started its CPI and HID projects at Ibrahim Hydri and Rehri, Shamima heard about the projects and requested HANDS for construction of streets of her village and nearby villages. She was willing to form women organization of her village and neighboring villages. Through her continuous efforts Sujag Aurat Traqiyati Tanzeem came into being. HANDS provided 15 days trainings (3 days each month) on social mobilization, leadership, gender, motivation, advocacy, record keeping, and financial management to the members of women organizations. After getting trained they responded that we have become confident enough and have knowledge to do something for the community.
Till then HANDS accomplished a number of tasks only with the male organizations in the area. The team of HANDS realized their willingness and commitment and allowed the Sujag Aurat Traqiyati Tanzeem to start the project by their own. For this project HANDS provided them 80% of the funds with the help of PPAF funding while the remaining part was arranged by the women organization. From purchasing the raw material to construction of streets every task was carried out by women. Due to their devotion, will and dedication today the people of Khaskheli and Schwann Paras are enjoying fruit of their hard work and respect Ms. Shamima and other members of women organization in every decisions.